Federal regulations require the ARC to evaluate the qualifications of personnel involved in the care and use of research animals. In accordance with the Animal Welfare Act, Subpart C, Section 2.32, and the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, all investigators and personnel having direct contact with live animals are required to complete the ARC Certification Program prior to working with research animals. This program consists of an introductory online examination, as well as species-specific training that varies according to animal species. In addition, training in aseptic surgical techniques is required for all personnel who will be involved in survival surgical procedures. No protocol will be approved until all personnel listed in that protocol have been fully certified by the ARC. Additionally, personnel may not begin work with animals until they have been added to the appropriate protocol(s). This may be accomplished by submitting an amendment to add personnel.