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The Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) recently published two new reference/guidance document entitled Recognition and Alleviation of Pain in Laboratory Animals (2009) and Recognition and Alleviation of Distress in Laboratory Animals (2008). Both publications can be reviewed for free online. Printed and PDF copies are also available for purchase.

ILAR has also developed a companion website entitled Recognizing Pain in Laboratory Animals. This website offers at-a-glance summaries of typical signs of pain in common animal species used in the laboratory.